Motivasi, Pendidikan, Perniagaan, Kewangan Peribadi


Salam pembaca blog pemikirkaya.

Ada yang masih tidak faham dan bertanyakan soalan pada saya apa itu Gharar?

Secara asasnya Gharar berkisar kepada makna ketidaktentuan dan ketidak jelasan sesuatu transaksi yang dilaksanakan.

Ketidaktentuan dan ketidakjelasan berkenaan timbul khususnya daripada aspek-aspek berikut:

* sama ada sesuatu barangan yang ditransaksikan itu wujud atau tidak;

* sama ada sesuatu barangan yang ditransaksikan itu mampu diserahkan ataupun tidak;

* kaedah transaksi itu dilaksanakan secara yang tidak jelas tetapi menarik perhatian sehinggakan mungkin wujud elemen penipuan bagi menarik pihak-pihak untuk bertransaksi;

* akad atau kontrak yang mendasari sesuatu transaksi itu sendiri sifatnya tidak jelas.

Dalam memahami makna gharar dan kaitannya dengan aspek-aspek yang disebutkan di atas,

perlu juga dinyatakan bahawa terdapat kategori-kategori gharar yang perlu diketahui iaitu :

  1. gharar fahish (ketidakjelasan yang keterlaluan);
  2. gharar yasir (ketidakjelasan yang minimum) dan
  3. gharar mutawassit (ketidakjelasan yang sifatnya sederhana).

Dari segi hukum, pemahaman tentang kategori ini sangat penting kerana sekiranya sesuatu transaksi itu mempunyai elemen gharar fahish maka transaksi berkenaan adalah dilarang.

Sebaliknya sekiranya sesuatu transaksi itu hanya mengandung elemen gharar yasir, maka transaksi itu dibenarkan kerana elemen gharar yang wujud adalah dimaafkan.

Sekiranya elemen gharar mutawassit wujud, maka biasanya wujud khilaf dikalangan fuqaha’ dalam memberi penilaian dan status hukum khususnya jika transaksi berkenaan melibatkan perkara yang sangat diperlukan oleh masyarakat dan gharar tersebut adalah daripada jenis yang tidak mampu dielakkan melainkan dengan cara yang sangat menyusahkan.



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